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About Ukraine

Welcome to Ukraine!

1 It has an area of 603,628 km2, making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world. With a population of about 44.5 million, Ukraine is the 32nd most populous country in the world.
The name Ukraine is believed to originally mean “borderland” or “region”.
2 Geographic center of Europe is considered to be in a small Western Ukrainian town Rahiv, surrounded by picturesque Carpathian Mountains.
The official language is Ukrainian; however most people are bilingual and speak equally well Russian and Ukrainian with people from west most regions being also fluent in Polish, Hungarian and Romanian.
Ukrainian language took the second place on melodic criteria after Italian and it was ranked as the third most beautiful language in the world on such criteria as phonetics, vocabulary, phraseology and sentence structure after French and Persian at a linguistic contest held in Paris in 1934.
02 The world’s first constitution was created by a Ukrainian politician Pylyp Orlyk. On April 5th, 1710 he was elected the Hetman of Zaporizhia troops. On the same day Pylyp Orlyk has announced “the Constitution of the rights and freedoms of Zaporizhia army”. For example, U.S. Constitution was adopted in 1787 and French and Polish in 1791.

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Popular traditional Ukrainian dishes are borsh – yummy beef and meat soup and varenyky – dumplings filled with meat, potato or sweet berries.

Ukrainian national costume is called “vyshyvanka” – a plain white shirt made of linen and decorated with floral or ornamental embroidery.
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Trembita is the longest musical instrument in the world. It is a very long pipe played on by Hutsul ethnicity from the Carpathian Mountains.
George Gershwin wrote one of the world’s most famous songs, “Summertime”, after being inspired by an old Ukrainian lullaby called “Sleep Is Tiptoeing About” performed by the Ukrainian National Chorus.
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The world’s famous song “O Sole Mio” was composed in Odessa (Ukraine)
The first university in Eastern Europe (1576) – the National University of Ostroh Academy is the successor of Ostroh Slavic, Greek and Latin Academy, the first higher educational establishment of the Eastern Slavs. It was founded in 1576 by Prince Vasyl-Kostiantyn of Ostroh.
06 Ukrainian local currency is called the Hryvnia.
Ukrainians are the fifth most-drinking nation in the world. Only Moldavians, Russians, Hungarians and Czechs are ahead of them. An average Ukrainian older than 15 drinks 15.6 liters of alcohol a year (it’s a liter more than an Irishman and almost two liters more than a Norwegian).
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Ukrainians have built the world’s biggest plane An-225 Mriya (The Dream) that can carry up to 559.577 pounds into the air.
The oldest map known to scientists, as well as the most ancient settlement of Homo Sapiens were found in Ukraine, in the village of Mezhireche.
They are 14.5 – 15 thousand years old. The map is cut out of the bones of a mammoth. The settlement is made of the same material.